Implementation and Coordination of Social Crime Prevention: A Challenge for Municipalities in South Africa

Mr Thompho Tshivhase1
1University Of Fort Hare , Alice Town, South Africa

White Paper on Safety and Security (1998) proposed explicitly that local government should be responsible for the implementation and coordination of social crime prevention programmes within its areas of jurisdiction. Thus, it is argued, local government, the level of government which is closest to the citizenry, is uniquely placed to actively participate in social crime prevention initiatives and to redirect the provision of services to facilitate crime prevention. Specifically, the White Paper outlines three areas of intervention for municipalities: crime prevention through social development or social crime prevention, crime prevention through environmental design and law enforcement. Crime Prevention through social development or social crime prevention focuses on the social, economic and cultural factors that contribute to criminality. This approach tackles individual, family and community risk factors that lead to crime and victimization. Crime Prevention through Social Development involves long-term, integrated actions that deal with the root causes of crime. Its aim is to reduce risk factors that start people, particularly children and youth, on the road to crime, and to build protective factors that may mitigate those risks. The risk factors associated with criminal involvement are also related to many other social problems, such as child abuse and neglect, drug and alcohol misuse, school failure, teenage pregnancy, and unemployment. So when people and organisations work together to prevent crime they are also working to make communities healthy, safe and sustainable in many respects. The findings revealed that municipalities are challenged and most social issues are diverted to other departments particularly the department of social development.


Biography:

Mr Tshivhase attained a Bachelor of Arts at the University of Limpopo in 2014 and Bachelor of Arts Honours (Criminology) in 2015.  Studied for the Master of Social Sciences Degree in Criminology at the University of KwaZulu-Natal and the degree was awarded in 2018. He is currently a completed PhD scholar in Criminology at the University of Fort Hare. Currently employed as a Lecturer in Department of Criminology at the University of Fort Hare and has been lecturing since the year 2016. Further than research successes, Mr. Tshivhase has a teaching and research experience and taught both undergraduates and postgraduates courses (Specialises in Crime prevention, Policing, Juvenile Justices, Victimology, Criminological theories and community policing). Has been equally devoted as a postgraduate supervisor and has successfully supervised five honors students (mini-dissertations) and currently co-supervising two masters dissertations; four honors. Papers have been published in an accredited and peer reviewed journals.  Currently an affiliated member of Criminological Society of Africa (CRIMSA).

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